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Why industrial standards

Why do we need open industrial standards?

1. Everything needs to be able to communicate with everything else – code has to be frozen therefore. A standard is only a standard when it freezes.

2. No black boxes – advantage of a black box is it does the job it was built to do. The problem is it does nothing else. Also black boxes cannot be modified by others. Plumbing analogy – imagine building a kitchen where pipes don't fit with other pipes. Whereas everything is handmade with activist geeks – going back to the medieval age rather than industrialization. We are seeking the industrialising of programming. Geeks love hand-crafted unique pieces.

3. “Documentation” of the black box doesn't fix problems, because actually no one documents, so this is a fantasy solution. Having tools which can allow a community to build around them is potentially a solution.

4. Why java? – it was an open source solution built for industry, and it uses open industrial standards. The whole of java is about standards – it is an industrial language. Most geeks hate it because it is industrial.

5. Don't use instead the fashionable solution. There are no standards for python / ruby / groovy..... Java has been through and won a war to get to be a standard. We don't want to take a newer language and try to make it standard.

6. We need the standard, rather than the perfect. (eg the Transmission project created a “perfect” rss which no one else could use: failure). Analogy: Dublin Core with metadata tags announced itself as the victor rather than going through the war to become a standard.

7. Industrial standards have gained from compromises and stood the test of time. (Dave Winer became a hate figure over the standardisation of rss).

8. So don't create new standards (they by definition aren't standards).

9. Everyone wants to be creative in making the machine – you have to standardise the machine to let people be creative.

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